Eczema is a disease not only seen in adults but also common among babies, including births from 3 months to 2, 3 years old. Many people confuse eczema with other skin conditions that lead to untimely treatment and inadequate care. Therefore, parents can not ignore information about the disease.
Learn about eczema in baby
Eczema is chronic dermatitis that occurs in all subjects, at any age. The disease occurs when the Keratin horny layer of the skin is not provided with enough water, causing an imbalance in the skin structure. This is also the reason that when young eczema often appears symptoms such as peeling dry skin, often accompanied by tiny blisters, if not promptly treated, will lead to scratches, bleeding.
Eczema is common in a baby from 2 months to 3 years of age, even lasting until the age of 5. According to some statistics, up to 15% of babies suffer from this disease in the first year of life.
There are many causes of eczema in the baby, including:
- For dysfunction, the body functions in the digestive system, endocrine system, excretion, nervous …
- Inherited, the family has a history of eczema, kidney, ear infections, asthma, sinusitis.
- Because of an inappropriate baby’s diet, vitamin deficiency, protein deficiency makes resistance weak.
- For contact with allergens such as animal hair, haze, unclean living environment, polluted air, or from ingestion of allergenic foods such as shrimp, crabs, sea fish.
- Babies having atopic allergies.
Classification and manifestation of eczema in baby
It divides eczema among babies into two major categories: infant eczema and eczema in an older baby.
Eczema in baby
Eczema in an older baby is not much different from eczema in adults. The most susceptible places now are the folds of the knee, the skin around the eyes and mouth. It divides eczema in an older baby into two major forms: dry eczema and wet eczema.
Dry eczema in baby
Dry eczema is a chronic form of atopic dermatitis, caused by skin lack of moisture, too dry leading to peeling, cracking, yellowing, bleeding. Often develops in stages, causing an uncomfortable feeling of stretching and dry skin that will eventually peel and flake into plaques. The disease recurs seasonally, gets worse when the weather is dry, the humidity is lower. The symptoms of dry eczema in a baby are:
- Initially, the skin appears reddish, pinkish patches like white acne that makes the child itch, or scratch. The more you scratch the skin, the itchier.
- When the disease develops, the skin will peel, cracked into patches on the surface accompanied by a feeling of dry, itchy, discomfort.
Wet eczema in baby
Unlike dry eczema, wet eczema can occur. The disease has the following characteristics:
- Start with tiny blisters on a red, wet, sticky surface that has pus secretions.
- When the blisters break often accompanied by pus, the blisters may break on their own or break through scratching or strong contact.
- Usually, blisters break after 2-4 weeks with a burning, uncomfortable sensation sometimes bleeding.
How to care for a baby with eczema?
As mentioned, eczema is difficult to treat completely and is local, so we should give the utmost care for a baby with this disease. When a child has eczema, we should ensure the below-given points.
Pay attention to moisturizing the skin for baby
You should use the best lotion for eczema to provide essential moisture and restore the skin barrier. In the disease’s stage outbreak, the thick layer of cream should be applied, but when it has gradually recovered, we should maintain it with less, apply once or twice a day to prevent a recurrence.
Besides, we should note it when bathing your baby, it is best to bathe in warm water, do not let your child soak in a long bath. In particular, avoid foaming shower gel, instead choose a neutral pH type specifically for eczema skin. Do not use baby perfume, should not wear clothes washed through bleach, washing powder because the skin is very weak, easily irritated.
Focus on nutrition
Nutrition also plays a very important role in the baby’s recovery process. Therefore, the mother should:
- Feed baby enough nutrients, increase green leafy vegetables, foods rich in omega-3 that are easy to digest, balance the diet to increase resistance for a baby.
- When having eczema, a baby is more likely to be allergic to formula milk, which is derived from toxins, so they should replace it with hydrolyzed milk or soy milk.
- Limit your child from eating seafood, beef, eggs because these foods are easily allergic.
Some other notes when looking after a baby
Besides nutrition, moms should also note a few things:
- Always keep the room cool, if the surroundings are too dry, use a humidifier in the room
- Need for a baby to wear cotton clothes as they are soft to absorb sweat. Don’t wear coarse fibers like wool to avoid rubbing your eczema skin.
- The baby should wear soft cloth gloves, trimming nails to avoid scratching, resulting in infection.
- Baby should not be vaccinated or have contact with newly vaccinated babies at the time of infection.
Prevention of eczema for baby
To prevent eczema in the baby, we can take the following measures:
- Always moisturize the youngest skin, especially when the weather is dry.
- Baby should avoid factors such as cosmetics, chemicals, detergents, pollen, animal hair, dust.
- House sanitation, the most living environment is the baby’s bed, pillows to eliminate bacteria.
- Choose clothes, preferably with good absorbency, cool, dry.
- For infants, the diaper should be changed regularly. To avoid allergies, mothers should eat sea fish to increase ARA and limit the use of allergy-prone foods.
We see that eczema is a common disease, not too dangerous but also can not ignore the symptoms and the issues to pay attention to when caring for a baby with eczema. As soon as symptoms develop, parents should consult a doctor for the most appropriate care and treatment.